GI Tract Medical Term Definitions

  
Term 
Definition 
Mouth 
Aphtae 
Inflammation of the mucosa creating a small ulcer occurring in groups in the mouth or on the tongue or a condition in which such ulcers can occur 
Cancrum 
A gangrenous inflammation of the mouth usually within the cheek such as cancer 
Difference between cancrum and canker 
A canker is small shallow ulcer or sore whereas a cancrum is more of a necrotic inflammation 
Condylomata of the palate 
A wart produced by a papilloma virus which is usually transmitted by sexual contact. It occurs at a point of minor trauma during oral sex 
Papillae tongue erect 
Paipillae tongue erect is a nipple shaped protrusion of the dermis into the epidermis 
Ranula 
A cyst on the underside of the tongue 
Scorbutic gums 
An abnormal condition charecterised by inflamed or bleeding gums and caused by a vitamin C deficiency 
Stomacace 
Inflammation of the mouth usually within the cheek 
Teeth 
Caries 
Destructive process causing decalcification of the tooth enamel and leading to continued destruction of enamel, dentin and cavitation of the tooth 
Clinch 
Closing the teeth and squeezing them tightly together. OR a tendency to 
Grinding 
Medical term Bruxism 
The pathological wearing away of tooth substance by mechanical means such as grinding them together on top of each other 
Periostitis 
Inflammation of the periosteum which is the tough fibrous membrane covering the bone 
Sordes 
Brown crusts forming on the lips and teeth where normal oral hygiene is impaired for example during a fever or dehydration 
Caseous deposit on teeth 
A deposit on teeth resembling cheese or curd. A necrotic tissue convertion which can be associated with tuberculosis 
Throat 
Hawk Disposition 
  
A frequent tendency to clear the throat 
  
  
Mucus 
The free slime of the mucous membranes. It is composed of secretion of the glands, various salts, desquamated cells and leukocytes 
Varicosis 
A dilated or varicose state of a vein or veins 
Stomach  
Heartburn 
A burning sensation in the chest that can extend to the neck, throat and face 
Induration of the walls 
Hardening of tissue. In this case the hardening of the stomach walls 
Waterbrash 
Is characterised by hypersalivation resulting in the regurgitation of sour or almost tasteless fluid into the mouth 
Difference between eructations of water and waterbrash 
Eructations of water is defined as the belching of water from the stomach through the mouth whereas waterbrash is the regurgitating of fluid back into the mouth causing a heartburn sensation 
Abdomen 
Ascites 
Fluid within the peritoneum cavity which is the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity 
Borborygmi 
Sounds coming from the stomach and bowel area caused by wind of fluid 
Flatulence 
Gas causing distention of the gastrointestinal tract resulting in discomfort and passing of wind 
Intussusception 
One bowel section telescoping into another. Medical term – invagination 
Meteorism 
A medical condition in which excess gas accumulates in the gastrointestinal tract. Medical term Tympanites 
Rectum 
Cholera 
An acute entiritis caused by the bacterium Vibrio Cholerae associated with faecal contamination in water causing by diarrhoea with severe cramping and vomiting.  
Dysentery 
Acute inflammation of the bowel with the passing of mucus or blood 
Excoriation 
Abrasions of the rectum 
Fissure 
An ulcerated split or cleft  
Fistula 
An abnormal passage connecting two organs 
Pain, tenesmus 
Painful and ineffectual straining 
Stricture 
Contraction or narrowing of a channel 
Stool 
Flocculi 
A loose stool that contains watery fluid and contains white flocculialson known as rice stool usually associated with cholera or serous diarrhoea 
Lienteric 
Stool with a silvery colour due to a mixture of blood and white fatty stools.  
  
  

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