Alumina Alumina is an aluminium compound and commonly known as pure clay. Within the natural world, the compounds would normally be expected to remain in clay form and its metallic condition is considered as unnatural within its geological environment; however, due to a slow development process within geological phenomena, this metallic form becomes a reality as it becomes extracted from its other mineral components. Here, the first relationship with the remedy/ symptoms occur as it is considered to be a remedy within a key theme of slowness which is slow working. Patients are considered slow in their presentation and is associated with those sedentary chronically ill patients. The slowness can be found on all levels of the patient, including the mental symptoms of a slow mind, slowness to form a decision, opinion, or even undertaking a task. This slowness manifests itself within the nervous system such as delay in neuro-pathways between brain and muscle function, resulting in ataxia, heavy muscular feeling and paralysis. Such pathways impede the ability to speak and write accurately with mistakes being made. The patient may also complain of dazed feelings and weariness, fatigue, especially after walking or talking. A key remedy to antidote lead poisoning, another link to its signature can be made. Clay is an absorbing material and can both absorb and hold water within its natural environment, in essence it can be a dry or wet compound and this can relate to the symptom of dry mucous membranes with possible flow of catarrh thus reflecting the dry/ wet characteristic. Clay is currently being studied to assess its suitability in its use to remove impurities from waste water and contaminated air sources thus being a good remedy for removing the symptoms of lead poisoning in its origin. Clay is considered a malleable and manipulative compound that can be formed into a number of uses and once fired will remain in the form it has become. The patient requiring Alumina, can find themselves within a confused state of identity when within groups and in particular a three way relationship as they are unlikely to present their own opinions to the group, thus resulting in a vulnerability to being manipulated or ‘used’ in some way, then regretting it a later date once they discover and become angry at allowing it to happen. In summary they are not confident at being an individual similarly to the fact that alumina is not naturally a metallic within its environment. A physical characteristic that can be directly related to the compound are skin symptoms in particular dry skin that can appear to become thicker and harder. Clay as stated above can become hardened when heated. Alumina is known by many names which reflects its wide occurrence and it is possible to see how the symptoms of confusion about his identity or even a sense of duality becomes apparent. Interestingly, Alumina is also known as Corundum. Corundum itself is the crystal form of alumina; however, due to this mineral playing host to and producing precious stones such as rubies and sapphires Corundum is overseen and forgotten. The description above of the patient within a group echoes this feeling of identity and indeed their opinions not being forthcoming and in effect outshone by others. This is partly due to the pale appearance of the corundum mineral in comparison to others and is another physical characteristic of the patient as they can appear pale and anaemic. Similarly, to the skin characteristic described with the clay element, Alumina can be found to coat aluminium forming a layer that is considered dry and rust like. The skin symptom of dryness and thickening can be a direct relation to the source. Should other deposits enter the mineral formation of corundum, mutation can occur and the form of ruby and sapphire can result. Ruby is a relatively rare and highly previous gem stone that continues to baffle geologists as it technically should not exist due to its unique avoidance of silica and iron that are earth’s most abundant minerals. The glow that the gem stones possesses is only possible by a small amount of iron deposits and strangely, rubies have achieved this almost impossible task. Mentally, the patient requiring alumina does not ‘glow’ when in a group of others and appear to lack clarity in their mind unlike the glowing gemstone. Within crystal healing belief, rubies are considered to aid overcoming exhaustion, courageous states of mind and promoting leadership, which as one can see is missing with the alumina patient as a result of the described slowness. Apart from the colour, sapphires share the same geological properties as rubies and can be found in many colours varying from pink to dark blue. It is considered to be a stone of wisdom and aligns the physical, mental and spiritual planes restoring balance within the body. As stated earlier, the patient can experience such slowness on all levels of their being and this can be related to the energetic properties of the gemstone. Conclusion As one can see, the symptomatic picture of the patient can be directly associated with the doctrine of signatures of the remedy source in this case with regard to the geological formation of alumina and its relations to other components.